Pyramid Books,New York.
Farrar, Straus and Cudahy edition published May 1956
Fifth Printing, February 1968.
【日本語訳 will probably follow some days later!!】
...... (omitted 3 paras.) .......
... Their strategy almost invariably has a major and a lesser objetive. This dualism is one of their tactics. Then, if the big objective fails or is long delayed, they hope to achieve the other. .......
The long-range objective of brainwashing is to win converts who can be depended on to react as desired at any time anywhere. This is the inside-out meaning they give the word voluntary and is why they condemn free will with such ferocity, for its existence is basically inconsistent with communism.
Even when he stands by himself, the truly indoctrinated communist must be part of the collectivity. He must be incapable of hearing opposing ideas and facts, no matter how convincing or how forcibly they bombard his senses. A trustworthy communist must react in an automatic manner without any force being applied. Only then is he the "new Soviet man" that Lenin foresaw. The only real guarantee for this, he believed, was to grab a baby from its cradle and then to keep it all its life from the slightest contact with outside ideas or places, so a subversive word can never enter its ego. This is patently impossible so long as a tiny isle exists anywhere outside the Red orbit. That is wny the iron curtain is vital to a totalitarian state.
So long as this iron curtain is impenetrable, actual conversion to communism is not always necessary. So long as the individual does what the Party wants, it is usually sufficient. The achievement of this submission is the immediate short-range ojective of brainwashing. The man does not have to be a true believer so long as he is convinced that he has no alternative to following Red instructions. Hope - the prospect of any alternative in life, no matter how slim - must be wiped out of his mind entirely before communism can feel safe with him.
Communism, as practiced in real life - and brainwashing apply proves this - has nothing whatsoever to do with the word as defined by the dictionary. The Party's own name is one of its most strikng examples of double-talk. Communism is a sheer power system, gang rule with modern appliances. So long as the individual submits unquestioningly, he is what is referred to as a "disciplined Party member."
Brainwash is a very intricate manipulation, more like a treatment than a formula. Each of the two processes that make it up is itself composed of a number of different elements. They are found in every case of brainwashing, although the proportions differ according to the patient's resistance and the purpose for which the Red's are treating him, and range from a very mild and disarmingly subtle application to crude force polished over with Marxist lingo. These can be easily catalogued.
They are hunger, fatigue, tenseness, threats, violence, and in more intense cases where the Reds hav specialists available on their brainwashing panels, drugs and hypnosism. They are applied in two broad ways, one by what is called "learning" and the other through the confession phenomenon. "Learning" and confession are inseparable from brainwashing. Everyone has to participate in them, whether a party member or not. Learning in this sense means only political teaching from the communist standpoint. Confession is an integral part of the rites. In China there are no exceptions from it for anyone, any more than for attendance at "learning" classes. Everyone within reach of Party cadres, security police, and soldiers has to attend, even if a hermit in a cave. The retention of his own individuality by a single person is recognized as a deadly menace by the whole monolitic structure.
. . . . . . (omitted 1 para.) . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . Brainwashing is a combination of this fake evangelism and quack psychology in a setting of false science.
The entire mechanism of brainwashing, so as to condition the patient and to indoctrinate him, particularly to accomplish the latter, is geared to putting his mind into a fog. That is the purpose of all the sly and harrowing pressure used. If it were not for the need to deeply confuse the man, there would be no necessity to deprive him of a balanced diet, of a recuperative sleep, of a mind free from horrible fears. Brainwashing is a system of befogging the brain so a person can be seduced into acceptance of what otherwise would be abhorent to him. In brainwashing, a fog settles over the patient's mind until he loses touch with reality. Facts and fancy whirl round and change places, like a phantasmagoria. . . . . .
The concealment and subterfuge are intended to distract attention from the glaring fact that brainwashing is something new which is contrary to human nature and inseparable from communism. Brainwashing is no more just indoctrination than a pumpkin pie is any longer a pumpkin; something more has been added and a fundamental change made by a cooking process. That is exactly what happens in brainwashing to innocent factors such as persuasion and discussion. They are chopped up and parboiled. Neither is brainwashing just atrocities nor even a revival of the Inquisition. The Inquisition had no Pavlov and was not thought up in a physician's laboratory. Science was not enlisted to put it across.
Each of the elements that goes into brainwashing and the methods used in their application requires detailed explanation before the system can be properly understood.
. . . . . . (omitted 3 paras.) . . . . . . .
The usual Red tactic then is to leave the prisoner alone. The Russian communists usually do it for a few weeks or some months, allowing the tenseness to draw tight, like a noose, before they begin their questioning or give him any idea what it is all about. The Chinese are more patient. They leave the prisoner this way for many months, even a year or two, without providing a clue as to why he is being held.
The agonized victim tortures himself thinking up every possible blunder he might have made, even by omission, every possible act of his that might be considered a crime under far-fetched communist law and its all-embracing theory of responsibility. Whom did he know; whom had he met? So, without a word being said, long before his first formal interrogation, each man desperately probes his mind and soul for personal guilt. Soon he stops figuring about whether he will confess that will satisfy the authorities and be the guilt they seek so he can escape from bondage. The self-criticism that every man has to write, in or out of prison, enable him to feel out the authorities on this. When officials express approval of his self-criticism, the confession they want will have been indicated in it. The game is like seacrching for a concealed toy and being told you're hot, cold, warm . . .warmer . . until you locate it. Until the officials say his self-criticism is getting warm, he is told that he is not being frank and to to do it all over again. If he doesn't remember each detail exactly, and contradicts himself on any point, he will have bailed his own trap. He is given ample time to build up his own case against himself, to be his own prosecutor and to convict himsef.
When he asks what he's done wrong, he's only told, "You know what you've done; you know your own misdeeds - confess!" What guilt? No man is perfect. Any normal human being can conjure up many possible transgressions which he may have committed, unwittingly perhaps.
Everyone has heard of false accusations made against others, built up out of nothing, interpreted out of double-talk. These add to the man's worries. "Are they trying to frame me?"
Meanwhile, continually dinned into his ears is the refrain, "Mao Tse-tung is merciful to those who confess." Confess to what? A man cannot be freed until he confesses. This, too, is part of the ritual. . .
『逆ｶﾙﾁｬｰｼｮｯｸ/Reverse Culture Shock』(=正式名)に重ねられて始まった、
帰国後、家に辿り付いて以来、北海道から一際出ていません。 私自身は一切『街宣』等に参加した事は御座いません。 街宣での自己紹介の中で、私のブログの事では?と連想させるような説明を取り入れることで、まるでその人物が私ではないか、と思い込ませ人違いを促す『成り済まし(風)』にご注意下さい。